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Citations: APA Citation

Sample References page

For more information on APA 7 format, click here for the Purdue OWL website. You can also view a sample paper, including a references page.

If you're writing an annotated bibliography, you can check out their guide on how to write an annotated bibliography, or look at some sample annotations

For a more detailed look at the citations for books and journal articles, take a look at the Reference Quick Guide, which will explain each part of the citation and how to format it.

Sample APA Paper from Purdue OWL

In-Text Citations

One author
(Author last name, year)

(Clark, 2009)

Two authors
(Author 1 & Author 2, year)

(Doughty & Mitford, 2008)

Three or more authors
(First author et al., year)

(Gerald et al., 2017)

After a direct quote
(Authors, year, p. page number)

(Jones, 2000, p. 54)


Author, A. (year). Title of book (#th ed.). Publisher. DOI or URL

Satrapi, M. (2007). The complete Persepolis. Pantheon Books.

Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. The New Press.

Essay in a Collection

Author, A. (Copyright Year). Title of the book chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of the book (# ed., pp. #–#). Publisher. DOI or URL.

Perkins Gilman, C. (1994). The yellow wallpaper. In N. Baym (Ed.),The Norton anthology of American literature (vol. 2, pp. 140-155). W. W. Norton and Company.


YouTube video

If you know the author's real name:

Author, A. A. [Username]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video]. YouTube. URL

Green, J. [vlogbrothers]. (2017, January 10). What is the real unemployment rate? [Video].

If you only have the username:

Username. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. YouTube. URL

TED-Ed. (2018, September 4). The surprising link between stress and memory [Video]. YouTube.

Academic Article

One author
Author, A. A. (year). Title of the article. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers. DOI if available.

Pagliaro, M. (2014) Is a picture worth a thousand words? Determining the criteria for graphic novels with literary merit. The English Journal, 103(4), 31-45. 

Three - twenty authors
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of the article. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers.

Lepp, A., Barkley, J. E., & Karpinski, A. C. (2014). The relationship between cell phone use, academic performance, anxiety, and satisfaction with life in college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 31(1), 343-350.

Stinebrickner, R., & Stinebrickner, T. (2003). Working during School and Academic Performance. Journal of Labor Economics, 21(2), 473-491. 


Author, A. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL.

Group name. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Asthma: Data, statistics, and surveillance. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 

Gaiman, N. (n.d.). Biography. Neil Gaiman.

Newspaper Article

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from URL

Maheshwari, S. (2018, September 25). Hold the Donuts, Says Newly Named Dunkin’. The New York Times. Retrieved from


Creator last name, first initial. (date of creation). Title of work [Medium]. Source. URL.

VanGogh, V. (1887). Self-portrait with straw hat [Painting]. The Met.

Himsaini007. (2016). Librarian.png [image]. Wikimedia Commons.


If you have any questions about your citations, email

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